Complexity Zoo:X

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Complexity classes by letter: Symbols - A - B - C - D - E - F - G - H - I - J - K - L - M - N - O - P - Q - R - S - T - U - V - W - X - Y - Z

Lists of related classes: Communication Complexity - Hierarchies - Nonuniform


XOR-MIP*[2,1] - XP - XPuniform


XOR-MIP*[2,1]: MIP*[2,1] With 1-Bit Proofs

Same as MIP*[2,1], but with the further restriction that both provers send only a single bit to the verifier, and the verifier's output is a function of the exclusive-OR of those bits. There should exist 0<a<b<1 such that if the answer is "yes", then for some responses of the provers the verifier accepts with probability at least b, while if the answer is "no", then for all responses of the provers the verifier accepts with probability at most a.

Defined by [CHT+04], whose motivation was a connection to the Bell and CHSH inequalities of quantum physics.

XOR-MIP*[2,1] is contained in NEXP [CHT+04].

XOR-MIP*[2,1] is contained in QIP[2] [Weh06]


XL: Fixed-Parameter Logspace for Each Parameter

The class of decision problems of the form (x,k) (k a parameter) that are solvable in space O(f(k)+log(n)) for some function f. The algorithm used may depend on k.

Analogous to XP, as L is to P.

A natural XL complete problem is p-MDFA-ACCEPTANCE: Given a finite two-way deterministic automation A with k heads, and given a string x, does A accept x?

Reference: [1]


XL: Fixed-Parameter Nondeterministic Logspace for Each Parameter

The class of decision problems of the form (x,k) (k a parameter) that are solvable in space O(f(k)+log(n)), by a nondeterministic Turing machine, for some function f. The algorithm used may depend on k.

Analogous to XP, as NL is to P. Nondeterministic version of XL.

A natural XNL complete problem is p-MNFA-ACCEPTANCE: Given a finite two-way nondeterministic automation A with k heads, and given a string x, does A accept x?



XP: Fixed-Parameter Tractable for Each Parameter

The class of decision problems of the form (x,k) (k a parameter) that are solvable in time O(|x|f(k)) for some function f. The algorithm used may depend on k.

Defined in [DF99].

Contains XPuniform.

Strictly contains FPT (by diagonalization).


XPuniform: Uniform XP

Same as XP except that the algorithm used must be the same for each k (though it can take k as input).

Defined in [DF99].

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